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Sectoral economics and government regulation , UDC: 339.9 DOI: 10.25688/2312-6647.2023.36.2.02


  • Golodova Zhanna Gavriilovna Doctor of Economics


The article provides a brief overview of the prerequisites for the need to reform pension systems. Based on an analysis of four EU countries that, according to OECD forecasts, may face the most serious pension problems, the directions for reforming pension systems since 2016 are revealed. An assessment of the effectiveness of the pension systems of the EU-14 countries and Hungary for 2011–2021 was carried out and it was found that, despite the adoption of measures to tighten the conditions for pension payments, the efficiency of pension systems in terms of the gross replacement rate increased by only 3.7 %, and in some countries it had place of its decline.

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Golodova, Z. G. (2023). PENSION SYSTEMS OF THE EU COUNTRIES: DIRECTIONS OF REFORM AND EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS Bulletin of the Moscow City Pedagogical University. Series "Pedagogy and Psychology", 2023 №2 (36), 17. https://doi.org/10.25688/2312-6647.2023.36.2.02
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